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Epigenetic 'Memory' Key To Nature Versus Nurture PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 26 July 2011 04:02
Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) at the John Innes Centre have made a discovery, reported in Nature, that explains how an organism can create a biological memory of some variable condition, such as quality of nutrition or temperature.
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Cellular Stress Can Induce Yeast to Promote Prion Formation PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 23 July 2011 02:11

20110723rfsp01It's a chicken and egg question. Where do the infectious protein particles called prions come from? Essentially clumps of misfolded proteins, prions cause neurodegenerative disorders, such as mad cow/Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, in humans and animals.

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Gene Therapy To Reverse Heart Failure Ready For Clinical Trials PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 21 July 2011 06:54

A promising gene therapy developed, in part, at Thomas Jefferson University's Center for Translational Medicine to prevent and reverse congestive heart failure is on the verge of clinical trials, after years of proving itself highly effective in the lab and a large animal study.

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Personalized Nutrition: New EU-Funded Project Changing the Way We Eat PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 19 July 2011 22:10

When the human genome sequence was launched in 2000, it introduced the possibility of personalization in health care.

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Seven in One Blow: Scientists Discover DNA Regions Influencing Prostate Cancer Risk PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 16 July 2011 20:17

Doctors have known for a long time that prostate cancer "runs in the family." Men with relatives who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer have an elevated risk of also developing this type of cancer.

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Lymphoma Drug Shrinks Dog Tumors, Could Lead to Human Treatment PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 16 July 2011 20:01

20110716rfsp02There are many kinds of cancers of the immune system, but one, Activated B-Cell Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, or ABC-DLBCL, is particularly common and pernicious.

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Integrating Science and Medicine in the Treatment of Chronic Disease PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 07 July 2011 23:24

Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD), such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, arthritis, chronic respiratory disorders and cancer represent the major global health problem of the 21st century and affect all age groups.

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Study Of Twins Suggests Genetic Component Of Autism Spectrum Disorders May Be Moderate PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 05 July 2011 03:49

After evaluating twin pairs in which at least one child has autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), researchers suggest that the shared environment may play a more substantial role in development of the condition than shared genes do, according to a report published Online First today by Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

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Faster, More Precise Diagnostics Promised By UBC 'Megapixel' DNA Replication Technology PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 05 July 2011 03:45
UBC researchers have developed a DNA measurement platform that sets dramatic new performance standards in the sensitivity and accuracy of sample screening.
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Scientists Identify Order of Mutations That Lead to Cancer PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 02 July 2011 02:41

Scientists have begun to reveal the order of the genetic aberrations in individual cancers in a finding they say is key to early diagnosis and personalized medicine.

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Ms Research: Myelin Influences How Brain Cells Send Signals PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 23 July 2011 02:38

20110723rfsp02The development of a new cell-culture system that mimics how specific nerve cell fibers in the brain become coated with protective myelin opens up new avenues of research about multiple sclerosis.

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Gene Therapy Delivered Once to Blood Vessel Wall Protects Against Atherosclerosis in Rabbit Studies PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 21 July 2011 20:07

20110721rfsp01A one-dose method for delivering gene therapy into an arterial wall effectively protects the artery from developing atherosclerosis despite ongoing high blood cholesterol.

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Personalized Medicine: How Will It Affect Patients? PDF Print E-mail
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Tuesday, 19 July 2011 22:11

Although personalized medicine is a term used in science and medicine that holds significant promise of improved treatment, it may set up unrealistic expectations in patients, states an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

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The Face of a Frog: Time-Lapse Video Reveals Never-Before-Seen Bioelectric Pattern PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 19 July 2011 20:56

20110719rfsp01For the first time, Tufts University biologists have reported that bioelectrical signals are necessary for normal head and facial formation in an organism and have captured that process in a time-lapse video that reveals never-before-seen patterns of visible bioelectrical signals outlining where eyes, nose, mouth, and other features will appear in an embryonic tadpole.

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New Mechanism in the Regulation of Human Genes PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 16 July 2011 20:13

20110716rfsp03In order to create proteins, the protein-coding gene must be transcribed into RNA and in the so-called splicing process shortened to the correct template.

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Editing the Genome: Scientists Unveil New Tools for Rewriting the Code of Life PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 16 July 2011 19:50

20110716rfsp01The power to edit genes is as revolutionary, immediately useful and unlimited in its potential as was Johannes Gutenberg's printing press.

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Cortisol Controls Recycling of Bile Acids PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 07 July 2011 22:59

20110709rfsp01Nature sees to it that we do not have "too much choler" (bile) in our body. A delicately equilibrated regulation system ensures that there is always exactly the right amount of bile in the gallbladder.

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Scripps Research Scientists Solve Mystery Of Nerve Disease Genes PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 05 July 2011 03:47
20110705rfs02For several years, scientists have been pondering a question about a genetic disease called Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 2D: how can different types of mutations, spread out across a gene, produce the same condition?
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Genetic Variant Linked to Development of Liver Cancer in Hepatitis C Virus Carriers PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 05 July 2011 03:41

20110705rfs01A genome-wide study by researchers at the RIKEN Center for Genomic Medicine, Hiroshima University Hospital and Sapporo-Kosei General Hospital has identified a genetic variant associated with the development of liver cancer in chronic hepatitis C virus carriers.

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MicroRNAs in the Songbird Brain Respond to New Songs PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 02 July 2011 02:36

20110701rfsp02Whenever it hears an unfamiliar song from a male of the same species, the zebra finch stops chirping, hopping and grooming.

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