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Celery, artichokes contain flavonoids that kill human pancreatic cancer cells PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 17 August 2013 21:04

URBANA, Ill. – Celery, artichokes, and herbs, especially Mexican oregano, all contain apigenin and luteolin, flavonoids that kill human pancreatic cancer cells in the lab by inhibiting an important enzyme, according to two new University of Illinois studies.

Similar effects of beer and wine on the risk of cardiovascular disease PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 23 November 2011 03:59

Research published in the European Journal of Epidemiology by Costanzo S, Di Castelnuovo de Gaetano G et al has sought to separate the effects of wine, beer or spirit drinking in relation to fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. The Italian authors carried out an updated meta-analysis on the relationship between wine, beer or spirit consumption and cardiovascular outcomes, using state-of-the-art statistical techniques.

Alcohol Consumption Greatly Increases Serious Injury Risk for Heavy and Moderate Drinkers PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 16 October 2011 21:05
Researchers know that alcohol impairs coordination and the ability to perceive and respond to hazards, and that hangovers impair neurocognitive performance and psychomotor vigilance. This study closely examined alcohol-related injuries admitted to hospital, finding that alcohol greatly increases risk for serious injury.

Results will be published in the January 2012 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.

Heavy Drinking Undergraduates Who Are Impulsive, Aggressive May Be at High Risk for Alcohol Problems PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 16 October 2011 21:00
In a national U.S. survey of undergraduates, roughly six percent met criteria for current alcohol dependence (AD), and approximately 31 percent met criteria for current alcohol abuse. While many undergraduates "mature out" of heavy alcohol use after graduation, a minority will continue to abuse alcohol and be at risk for alcohol-related problems. This study investigated which undergraduates are most likely to engage in high-risk drinking, using alcohol-use disorder (AUD) criteria and binge-drinking endorsement as identifiers.
Health Benefits of Broccoli Require the Whole Food, Not Supplements PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 14 October 2011 07:57
New research has found that if you want some of the many health benefits associated with eating broccoli or other cruciferous vegetables, you need to eat the real thing -- a key phytochemical in these vegetables is poorly absorbed and of far less value if taken as a supplement.

The study, published by scientists in the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University, is one of the first of its type to determine whether some of the healthy compounds found in cruciferous vegetables can be just as easily obtained through supplements. The answer is no.

Macroeconomic Conditions and Alcohol Consumption: When the Economy Is Down, Alcohol Consumption Goes Up PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 14 October 2011 07:18
Previous studies have found that health outcomes improve during an economic downturn. Job loss means less money available for potentially unhealthy behaviors such as excessive drinking, according to existing literature on employment and alcohol consumption. A new study by health economist Michael T. French from the University of Miami and his collaborators has concluded just the opposite--heavy drinking and alcohol abuse/dependence significantly increase as macroeconomic conditions deteriorate.
How Much Should Patients in Intensive Care Eat? PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 11 October 2011 17:15
Patients who are fed more calories while in intensive care have lower mortality rates than those who receive less of their daily-prescribed calories, according to a recent study of data from the largest critical care nutrition database in the world.

"Our finding is significant as there have been a number of previous studies in the area of critical care nutrition that have produced conflicting clinical recommendations and policy implications," says study lead Daren Heyland, a professor of Medicine at Queen's, director of the Clinical Evaluation Research Unit at Kingston General Hospital, and scientific director of the proposed Technology Evaluation in the Elderly Network. "Since caloric delivery is essential for improving the chances of these critically ill patients, it's vital that we know what the optimal level is."

Media Habits of Young People May Make Them Drink More; What Should Be Done? PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 11 October 2011 17:07
Media companies are increasingly targeting adolescents with TV shows that feature violence, alcohol and drugs. An interdisciplinary research project with researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, and colleagues from the UK is looking closer at how society and other actors should react to the link between young people's media habits and their alcohol consumption.

'There is a well-documented link between watching programmes that show alcohol, such as TV reality shows, and increased drinking. But there isn't much research on what to do about it,' says Christian Munthe, Professor of Practical Philosophy and in charge of the Swedish part of the project.

Children's Food Choices Are Affected by Direct Advertising and Parental Influence, Study Suggests PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 09 October 2011 16:32
Directly advertising food items to children worries many parents and health care providers, and the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Psychological Association have expressed concern about the negative impact of advertising on children's healthy food choices. A new study soon to be published in The Journal of Pediatrics explores the relationship between fast food advertisements, parental influence, and the food choices made by children.

Dr. Christopher Ferguson and colleagues at Texas A&M International University studied 75 children ranging in age from 3 to 5 years. All of the children watched a series of two cartoons, with commercials shown between each cartoon.

Can Peer Mentors Help Teens Lose Weight? New Strategies for Combatting Teen Obesity PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 07 October 2011 02:31
Obesity among adolescents has more than tripled over the past 40 years, and recent estimates find that over 18% of teens in the U.S. are obese. Education and mentoring targeting obesity and delivered in high schools by peers has been shown to have a significant impact on teen diet and physical activity, according to a study published in Childhood Obesity, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Decaffeinated coffee preserves memory function by improving brain energy metabolism PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 31 January 2012 22:38

Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered that decaffeinated coffee may improve brain energy metabolism associated with type 2 diabetes. This brain dysfunction is a known risk factor for dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. The research is published online in Nutritional Neuroscience.

Link Between Alcohol and Harm Is Stronger in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Sweden Than in Italy, Study Suggests PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 16 October 2011 21:07
Research clearly shows a dose-response relationship between alcohol and health issues such as cirrhosis of the liver. More recent research has shown linkages between greater drinking and greater problems such as interpersonal violence. A study of the impact that the larger, cultural context of drinking in several European countries may have on the relationship between drinking and harm has found that this relationship is stronger in the Baltic countries and Sweden than Italy.
Genetically Influenced Responses to Alcohol Affect Brain Activation Both With and Without Alcohol PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 16 October 2011 21:03
A low level of response (LR) to alcohol is a genetically influenced characteristic, or phenotype, that reflects at least in part a low brain response to alcohol, and carries significant risk for the later development of alcoholism. This study addressed the physiological underpinnings of a low and high LR, finding significant differences in brain activation during a cognitive task, possibly reflecting differences in the amount of brain activity used to deal with a cognitive challenge.

Results will be published in the January 2012 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.

Certain Dietary Supplements Associated With Increased Risk of Death in Older Women, Study Suggests PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 14 October 2011 08:00
Consuming dietary supplements, including multivitamins, folic acid, iron and copper, among others, appears to be associated with an increased risk of death in older women, according to a report in the October 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The article is part of the journal's Less Is More series.

The use of dietary supplements in the United States has increased considerably over the last decade, according to background information in the article.

Oranges and Mandarins Are Inspected Using Artificial Vision PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 14 October 2011 07:53
Scientists at the Valencian Institute of Agrarian Research (IVIA, Spain) have created a machine that detects and separates rotten oranges, another that classifies mandarin segments according to their quality and another that helps citrus fruit pickers out in the field. All prototypes use computer vision to automatically inspect the fruits.

Until now, rotten oranges have been detected manually in dark rooms with the help of ultraviolet light that illuminates the essential oils in damaged rind through fluorescence.

Familiarity Increases the Fullness That Children Expect from Snack Foods PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 11 October 2011 17:17
New research, led by psychologists at the University of Bristol, has found that children who are familiar with a snack food will expect it to be more filling. This finding, published (online ahead of print) in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is important because it reveals one way in which children over-consume snack foods and increase their risk of becoming overweight.
Social and Economic Cost of Hunger and Food Insecurity in US in 2010 Was $167.5 Billion PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 11 October 2011 17:11
The Great Recession and the currently tepid economic recovery swelled the ranks of American households confronting hunger and food insecurity by 30 percent. In 2010 48.8 million Americans lived in food insecure households, meaning they were hungry or faced food insecurity at some point during the year. That's 12 million more people than faced hunger in 2007, before the recession, and represents 16.1 percent of the U.S. population.

Yet hunger is not readily seen in America. We see neither newscasts showing small American children with distended bellies nor legions of thin, frail people lined up at soup kitchens.

Baby Formula: Inflammatory Food Toxins Found in High Levels in Infants PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 09 October 2011 16:35
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found high levels of food toxins called Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs) in infants. Excessive food AGEs, through both maternal blood transmission and baby formula, could together significantly increase children's risk for diseases such as diabetes from a very young age. A second study of AGEs in adults found that cutting back on processed, grilled, and fried foods, which are high in AGEs, may improve insulin resistance in people with diabetes. AGEs -- toxic glucose byproducts previously tied to high blood sugar -- are found in most heated foods and, in great excess, in commercial infant formulas.
Marijuana Use May Double the Risk of Accidents for Drivers, Study Finds PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 09 October 2011 16:27
Over 10 million people age 12 or older are estimated to have driven under the influence of illicit drugs in the prior year, according to a 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. While marijuana is the most commonly detected non-alcohol drug in drivers, its role in causing crashes has remained in question.

To examine the link between marijuana use by drivers and risk of a car accident, researchers at Columbia University did a meta-analysis of nine epidemiologic studies and found that drivers who test positive for marijuana or report driving within three hours of marijuana use are more than twice as likely as other drivers to be involved in motor vehicle crashes.

Dietary Supplements for Patients After Lung Injury Do Not Appear to Improve Outcomes; May Be Harmful, Study Suggests PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 07 October 2011 02:28
In contrast to findings of previous studies, patients who experienced an acute lung injury, such as from pneumonia or sepsis, and received dietary supplements including omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants had more days on a ventilator, more days in the intensive care unit (ICU), and a non-statistically significant increase in the rate of death, according to a study appearing in JAMA. The study is being published early online to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine meeting in Berlin.
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